Kidney problems are one of the most common problems in developed countries, health surveys show, and oftentimes these kidney diseases are linked with other health problems as well. The growing public concern on kidney diseases is greater than before as approximately one in every ten adults in the United States have developed chronic kidney diseases (CKD), according to the National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearing house (NKUDIC). This goes to show that preventing kidney problems need to be a priority for patients and also for health care providers.

The risks of developing kidney diseases may include: high blood pressure, diabetes, family history of kidney problems, race, age, and heart disease. These tips on keeping the kidneys healthy may be used by men and women alike who are at high risk of developing kidney problems. Tips from the National Kidney Disease Education Program include the following:

-      Make sure to maintain a healthy blood pressure level. The kidney helps in regulating the blood pressure. A 120/80 blood pressure is already healthy, although it may vary in different age and gender. Health care providers may set achievable blood pressure levels through diet and medications.

-      Lessen the salt intake. The retention of fluid in the body is often influenced by salt intake. Not managing the salt intake will eventually lead to kidney problems for those who are risk.

-      Use the medications only as directed by the health care provider. Most drugs are excreted through the kidneys and some of these medications directly affect the kidneys.

-      Stay active and exercise regularly. Having an active lifestyle not only keeps your kidneys healthy but also the rest of the body.

-      Maintain a proper body weight. Overweight and obese individuals are at risk of developing kidney problems.

-      Curb your alcohol intake. Too much alcohol causes the blood pressure to rise which leads damage to the kidneys. Liver problems are also common with people who have drinking problems.

-      Choose to eat more fresh fruits and vegetables. Avoid smoking cigarettes. Smoking can damage the kidneys.

-      Proper management of blood sugar and cholesterol levels.

It is easy to have healthy kidneys, health experts say, as long as the person knows what to do.


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